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Nirbhaya case: From December 16, 2012 to March 20, 2020 | A timeline

All of these four men, along with two others, were convicted for the brutal gang-rape of a 23-year-old medical student on a moving bus on the night of December 16, 2012. Here is a timeline of events in the case

The death sentences handed out to four men, namely Akshay Thakur, Mukesh Singh, Vinay Sharma, and Pawan Gupta were executed at 5:30 am on Friday morning at Delhi’s Tihar jail. All of these four men, along with two others, were convicted for the brutal gang-rape of a 23-year-old medical student on a moving bus on the night of December 16, 2012. Here is a timeline of events in the case


December 16: The victim and her male friend board a bus from Delhi’s Munerka bus stand. Six men, including a juvenile, thrashed the male friend and gang-raped the victim on the moving bus before throwing both of them out near Aerocity.

December 18-22: Delhi Police arrest all six suspects

December 29: Nirbhaya succumbs to fatal internal injuries caused as a result of the rape


March 11: Suspect Ram Singh commits suicide in Tihar Jail

September 1: Juvenile Justice Board (JJB) sends the juvenile to a correction home for three years

September 13: Fast Track Court (FTC) awards death penalty to all four convicts


March 13: Delhi High Court upholds death penalty


May 5: Supreme Court upholds death penalty

November 8: Mukesh files review petition in SC

December 15: Vinay and Pawan move SC for review of its verdict


July 9: SC dismisses review pleas of Mukesh, Pawan and Vinay


February: Nirbhaya’s parents move trial court for issuance of death warrants of the four convicts

December 10: Akshay moves plea in SC seeking review of his death penalty

December 13: Nirbhaya’s mother moves SC opposing review plea of Akshay

December 18: SC dismisses Akshay’s review plea

December 19: Delhi HC dismisses plea of Pawan claiming he was a juvenile at the time of the offence


January 7: Trial court signs death ‘black’ warrants for all four convicts to hang on January 22, 2020 (7 am)

January 14: SC rejects curative petition of Vinay and Mukesh; Mukesh files mercy petition before President

January 17: President Ram Nath Kovind rejects mercy plea of Mukesh; trial court issues death warrants again with execution date as February 1, 2020 (6 am)

January 25: Mukesh moves SC against rejection of mercy plea

January 29: Akshay approaches SC with a curative petition; SC rejects plea of Mukesh challenging rejection of his mercy plea

January 30: SC dismisses curative plea of Akshay

January 31: SC dismisses plea filed by Pawan seeking review of its order rejecting his juvenility claim; trial court postpones execution of the black warrants till further order for a second time

February 1: Centre moves Delhi HC against the trial court order

February 5: Delhi HC dismisses Centre’s plea against the trial court order, says all four convicts have to be hanged together; it further directs the convicts to pursue all legal remedies within a week, failing which the authorities ordered to take action in accordance with law; President rejects mercy petition of Akshay

February 6: President rejects mercy petition of Akshay

February 7: Trial court dismisses Tihar’s plea seeking fresh date for execution of convicts

February 11: Vinay moves SC against mercy plea rejection; SC issues notices to all four death row convicts on Centre’s appeal against Delhi HC verdict

February 13: Vinay alleges torture in jail, SC reserves order on his mercy review; SC defers hearing on separate hangings and appoints a new lawyer for Pawan

February 14: SC dismisses Vinay’s plea against no mercy, rejects the argument of mental illness

February 17: Trial court issues March 3 execution date

February 22: Trial court dismisses Vinay’s plea for medical treatment

February 28: Pawan files curative petition in SC

March 2: SC dismisses PIL seeking direction on organ donation by the four death row convicts; Patiala House court dismisses plea by convicts for a stay on death warrant; Pawan files mercy plea after the rejection of the curative petition by SC a day before scheduled hanging

March 3: For the third time, trial court defers hanging of the four death row convicts

March 4: Delhi government moves court seeking fresh date for execution for convicts; Pawan’s mercy plea rejected

March 5, 2020: Trial court signs death warrants for March 20 (5:30 am)

March 7: SC rejects Mukesh’s plea seeking urgent hearing on Monday

March 13: Vinay moves Delhi HC claiming procedural lapse in mercy plea rejection

March 16: Convicts move International Court of Justice (ICJ); SC dismisses Mukesh’s plea to refile curative, mercy petition

March 17: Akshay writes a second mercy plea to the President after the first was rejected; trial court dismisses Mukesh’s plea seeking quashing of the death penalty

March 18: Convicts’ counsel AP Singh moves Delhi’s Patiala House court seeking a stay on the death warrants on March 18; Delhi HC reserves order on Mukesh’s plea claiming absence from Delhi at time of incident

March 19: Supreme Court dismisses the petition of death row convict Pawan against the rejection of his mercy plea by the President and seeking a stay on execution; Delhi High Court dismisses plea challenging lower court’s refusal to stay death warrants

March 20: Convicts hanged at 5:30 am, confirmed dead at 6:00 am


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